Scaling of the splash threshold for low-viscosity fluids
The James Franck Institute and Department of Physics, The University of Chicago - Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Received: 15 January 2014
Accepted: 30 March 2014
The ambient gas pressure is determined for the onset of splashing of low-viscosity liquid drops on smooth dry surfaces as we change the control parameters: drop impact velocity, drop radius, viscosity, surface tension, density, and gas molecular weight. This threshold pressure indicates that there are two distinct regimes when drop impact velocity is varied. By rescaling data using functions of only three dimensionless numbers, the commonly used Reynolds and Weber numbers, as well as the ratio of drop radius to gas mean free path, all data is collapsed to a single curve that encompasses both regimes.
PACS: 47.20.Ma – Interfacial instabilities (e.g., Rayleigh-Taylor) / 47.55.D- – Drops and bubbles
© EPLA, 2014