Broadband acoustic omnidirectional absorber based on temperature gradients
Key Laboratory of Modern Acoustics, Ministry of Education, Institute of Acoustics and School of Physics, Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing University - Nanjing 210093, PRC
Received: 3 July 2014
Accepted: 21 July 2014
Previous research into acoustic omnidirectional absorber (AOA) has shown the feasibility of forming acoustic black hole to guide the incident wave into the central absorptive cavity. However, major restrictions to practical applications exist due to complexity of designing metamaterials and unchangeable working states. Here, we propose two cylindrical, two-dimensional AOA schemes based on temperature gradients for airborne applications. One scheme with accurately designed temperature gradients has a better absorption performance which can almost completely absorb the incident wave, while the other one with a simplified configuration has low complexity which makes it much easier to realize. Geometric acoustics is used to obtain the refractive index distributions with different radii, which is then utilized to deduce the desired temperature gradients. Both schemes are temperature-tuned with broad working bandwidth.
PACS: 43.20.+g – General linear acoustics / 43.35.+d – Ultrasonics, quantum acoustics, and physical effects of sound / 44.10.+i – Heat conduction
© EPLA, 2014