Vortex-state–mediated Josephson effect
Department of Physics, Jiangxi Normal University - Nanchang 330022, China
Received: 16 May 2014
Accepted: 30 July 2014
The Josephson effect is a kind of macroscopic quantum phenomenon that supercurrent flows through a Josephson junction without any voltage applied. We predict a novel vortex-state–mediated Josephson effect in an SNS Josephson junction which hosts vortices. The vortex-state–mediated supercurrent is enhanced or reduced significantly in magnitude depending on the junction length, and exhibits several steps with the number of effective propagating channels in current-phase evolution at zero temperature. At finite temperatures, these supercurrent steps persist in the short junction limit, and develop into sawtooth oscillations if the junction length becomes comparable to the coherence length of the superconductor. In the later case a supercurrent reversal can be observed. These findings may provide a smoking-gun signature of vortex bound states in superconductors and promise possible applications in future Josephson devices.
PACS: 74.50.+r – Tunneling phenomena; Josephson effects / 74.45.+c – Proximity effects; Andreev reflection; SN and SNS junctions / 74.25.Wx – Vortex pinning (includes mechanisms and flux creep)
© EPLA, 2014