Two physical explanations of the nonextensive parameter in a self-gravitating system
1 Department of Physics, School of Science, Tianjin University - Tianjin 300072, China
2 Department of Physics, School of Science, Qiqihar University - Qiqihar City 161006, China
Received: 12 June 2014
Accepted: 11 August 2014
In this paper, we present two possible physical explanations of the nonextensive parameter in a self-gravitating gaseous system. One is related to the detailed balance in such system. With the detailed balance, the statistical balance of the molecular energy is reached, under which condition the radiation energy “stored” in the molecules becomes important. Then the relation between the nonextensive parameter and the storage coefficient, which measures the ability of the molecules to store the radiation energy, is constructed. Another explanation is originated from one dimensionless quantity called (logarithmic) temperature gradient defined in stellar physics. In view of this, we find that in order to keep the nuclear reaction alive inside the Sun, the ratio of radiation pressure to the total pressure in its core must be greater than 0.2833.
PACS: 05.70.-a – Thermodynamics / 96.60.Jw – Solar interior / 51.30.+i – Thermodynamic properties, equations of state
© EPLA, 2014