Quadrupole plasmon excitations in confined one-dimensional systems
School of Physics and Microelectronic Science, Hunan University - Changsha 410082, China
Received: 31 January 2014
Accepted: 13 September 2014
A new mode of electronic collective excitations (quadrupole plasmon) in confined one-dimensional electronic systems is predicted herein by an eigen-equation method. The eigen equation based on the time-dependent density-functional theory is presented for calculating the collective excitations in confined systems. With this method, all modes of collective excitations in the 1D systems may be found out. These modes include dipole plasmons and quadrupole plasmons. The dipole plasmon mode corresponds to the antisymmetric oscillation of the induced charge, and can be shown as a resonance of the dipole response. In the quadrupole plasmon modes, the induced-charge distribution is symmetric, and the dipole response vanishes. The motion of the electrons in the quadrupole modes is similar to the vibration of atoms in the breathing mode of phonons. This type of plasmons can be shown as a resonance of the quadrupole response, and has to be excited by a nonuniform field.
PACS: 73.20.Mf – Collective excitations (including excitons, polarons, plasmons and other charge-density excitations) / 78.67.Bf – Nanocrystals, nanoparticles, and nanoclusters
© EPLA, 2014