Introduction of longitudinal and transverse Lagrangian velocity increments in homogeneous and isotropic turbulence
Laboratoire de Mécanique des Fluides et d'Acoustique, École Centrale de Lyon & CNRS, Université de Lyon F-69134 Écully cedex, France
Received: 13 September 2014
Accepted: 6 November 2014
Based on geometric considerations, longitudinal and transverse Lagrangian velocity increments are introduced as components along, and perpendicular to, the displacement of fluid particles during a time scale τ. It is argued that these two increments probe preferentially the stretching and spinning of material fluid elements, respectively. This property is confirmed (in the limit of vanishing τ) by examining the variances of these increments conditioned on the local topology of the flow. These longitudinal and transverse Lagrangian increments are found to share some qualitative features with their Eulerian counterparts. In particular, direct numerical simulations at up to 300 show that the distributions of are negatively skewed at all τ, which is a signature of time irreversibility in the Lagrangian framework. Transverse increments are found more intermittent than longitudinal increments, as quantified by the comparison of their respective flatnesses and scaling laws. Although different in nature, standard Cartesian Lagrangian increments (projected on fixed axis) exhibit scaling properties that are very close to transverse Lagrangian increments.
PACS: 47.27.Gs – Isotropic turbulence; homogeneous turbulence / 47.27.Ak – Fundamentals / 47.27.ek – Direct numerical simulations
© EPLA, 2014