On the arrest of synchronized oscillations
School of Engineering and Science, Jacobs University Bremen - Bremen, Germany
Received: 5 August 2014
Accepted: 14 December 2014
We study the mutual conversion of regimes of collective fixed-point behavior and collective synchronized oscillations in a system of coupled dynamical units, which individually can be in an excitable or oscillatory state. The conversion is triggered by the change of a single bifurcation parameter. Of particular interest is the arrest of oscillations. We identify the criterion that determines the seeds of arrest and the propagation of arrest fronts in terms of the vicinity to the future attractor. Due to a high degree of multistability we observe versatile patterns of phase locked motion in the oscillatory regime. Quenching the system into the regime, where oscillatory states are metastable, we observe qualitatively distinct approaches of the fixed-point attractor, depending on the initial seeds. If the seeds of arrest are isolated single sites of the lattice, the arrest propagates via bubble formation, visually similar to nucleation processes; if the seed is extended along a line of lowest amplitudes, the freezing follows the spatial patterns of phase-locked motion with long interfaces between arrested and oscillating units. For spiral patterns of oscillator phases these interfaces are arranged along the arms of the spirals.
PACS: 05.45.Xt – Synchronization; coupled oscillators / 05.90.+m – Other topics in statistical physics, thermodynamics, and nonlinear dynamical systems (restricted to new topics in section 05) / 05.70.Np – Interface and surface thermodynamics
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