The effects of non-linear electron-phonon interactions on superconductivity and charge-density-wave correlations
Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Tennessee - Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
Received: 16 October 2014
Accepted: 13 January 2015
Determinant quantum Monte Carlo (DQMC) simulations are used to study non-linear electron-phonon interactions in a two-dimensional Holstein-like model on a square lattice. We examine the impact of non-linear electron-lattice interactions on superconductivity and on Peierls charge-density-wave (CDW) correlations at finite temperatures and carrier concentrations. We find that the CDW correlations are dramatically suppressed with the inclusion of even a small non-linear interaction. Conversely, the effect of the non-linearity on superconductivity is found to be less dramatic at high temperatures; however, we find evidence that the non-linearity is ultimately detrimental to superconductivity. These effects are attributed to the combined hardening of the phonon frequency and a renormalization of the effective linear electron-phonon coupling towards weaker values. These results demonstrate the importance of non-linear interactions at finite carrier concentrations when one is addressing CDW and superconducting order and have implications for experiments that drive the lattice far from equilibrium.
PACS: 71.38.-k – Polarons and electron-phonon interactions / 63.20.kd – Phonon-electron interactions / 02.70.Ss – Quantum Monte Carlo methods
© EPLA, 2015