Identifying topological-band insulator transitions in silicene and other 2D gapped Dirac materials by means of Rényi-Wehrl entropy
1 Departamento de Matemática Aplicada, Universidad de Granada - Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada, Spain
2 Departamento de Física Atómica, Molecular y Nuclear and Instituto Carlos I de Física Teórica y Computacional, Universidad de Granada - Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada, Spain
Received: 21 December 2014
Accepted: 5 February 2015
We propose a new method to identify transitions from a topological insulator to a band insulator in silicene (the silicon equivalent of graphene) in the presence of perpendicular magnetic and electric fields, by using the Rényi-Wehrl entropy of the quantum state in phase space. Electron-hole entropies display an inversion/crossing behavior at the charge neutrality point for any Landau level, and the combined entropy of particles plus holes turns out to be maximum at this critical point. The result is interpreted in terms of delocalization of the quantum state in phase space. The entropic description presented in this work will be valid in general 2D gapped Dirac materials, with a strong intrinsic spin-orbit interaction, isostructural with silicene.
PACS: 03.65.Vf – Phases: geometric; dynamic or topological / 03.65.Pm – Relativistic wave equations / 05.30.Rt – Quantum phase transitions
© EPLA, 2015