Entanglement analysis for macroscopic Schrödinger's Cat state
1 Institute of Signal Processing Transmission, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications Nanjing, 210003, China
2 College of Mathematics & Physics, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications Nanjing, 210003, China
Received: 10 October 2014
Accepted: 10 February 2015
Macroscopic entanglement, or say the Schrödinger's Cat state has attracted much attention for a long time. Recently, the first theoretical work of Fröwis and Dür (Phys. Rev. Lett., 106 (2011) 110402) and the first experiment of Lu et al. (Nat. Photon., 8 (2014) 364) both showed that, a new type of Schrödinger's Cat state, the logic-qubit entanglement (concatenated Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (C-GHZ) state) is immune and robust to the noise, and is possible to be applied in future large-scale quantum networks. In this paper, we describe a protocol of entanglement analysis for this kind of Schrödinger's Cat state. Both the Bell-state type of logic-qubit entanglement and multipartite C-GHZ state can be completely distinguished. Based on the entanglement analysis, an arbitrary unknown macroscopic Schrödinger's Cat superposed state can be teleportated and we can also perform the macroscopic entanglement swapping. Our protocol shows that it is possible to realize long-distance quantum communication and large-scale quantum network based on logic-qubit entanglement.
PACS: 03.67.-a – Quantum information / 03.67.Ac – Quantum algorithms, protocols, and simulations
© EPLA, 2015