Origin of cluster spin glass and nuclear Schottky anomaly in Mn50Ni38.5Sn11.5 alloy
1 Surface Physics and Material Science Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics - 1/AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata-700064, India
2 LCMP, Department of Condensed Matter Physics and Material Sciences, S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences - JD Block, Salt Lake, Kolkata 700098, India
Received: 5 January 2015
Accepted: 9 February 2015
The magnetic ground state of the Mn50Ni38.5Sn11.5 alloy is investigated through dc/ac magnetization and low-temperature specific-heat measurements. The dc and ac magnetization measurements indicate that the system can be identified as a cluster spin glass (CSG) phase in a ferromagnetic (FM) background, and as a conjunction of these two phases an exchange bias effect (EBE) is observed in this system. The presence of coexisting phases is further supported by our measurement. We attribute the existence of the CSG phase to the antiferromagnetic (AFM) interaction arising from the Mn-Mn antisite disorder which further enhances through martensite transformation. The anomalous increase of Cp below 0.7 K is due to the nuclear Schottky anomaly arising from the hyperfine splitting of the nuclear levels of Mn atoms. Detailed reasons for the observed behaviours are discussed in the paper.
PACS: 75.50.Lk – Spin glasses and other random magnets / 75.47.Np – Metals and alloys / 81.30.Kf – Martensitic transformations
© EPLA, 2015