Anomalous thickness-dependent exchange bias effect in Fe3O4/YMnO3 multiferroic heterostructures
Tianjin Key Laboratory of Low Dimensional Materials Physics and Preparing Technology, Institute of Advanced Materials Physics, Faculty of Science, Tianjin University - Tianjin 300072, PRC
Received: 10 December 2014
Accepted: 13 April 2015
Full-oxide epitaxial heterostructures consisting of multiferroic hexagonal YMnO3 and ferromagnetic Fe3O4 with variable thicknesses were fabricated by magnetron sputtering. A parabolic-like exchange bias (EB) effect varying with the thickness of Fe3O4 was discovered, while the EB effect in Fe/YMnO3 and Fe3O4/BiFeO3 heterostructures follows a reciprocal relation (, where is the thickness of FM layer). The parabolic-like EB effect is considered to be associated with the joint effect from the special uncompensated moment at the antiferromagnetic domain walls in YMnO3 and the interactions among antiphase domains (APDs) in Fe3O4. By changing , the strength of the interaction among APDs can be modulated, giving rise to the anomalous thickness-dependent EB effect.
PACS: 75.30.Et – Exchange and superexchange interactions / 77.55.Nv – Multiferroic/magnetoelectric films / 75.70.Cn – Magnetic properties of interfaces (multilayers, superlattices, heterostructures)
© EPLA, 2015