Rashba-coupling modelling for two-dimensional and high-order Rashba Hamiltonian for one-dimensional confined heavy holes
1 Facultad de Física, Universidad de La Habana - C.P.10400, La Habana, Cuba
2 Departamento de Física y Matemáticas, Universidad Iberoamericana - México D. F., México
Received: 16 March 2015
Accepted: 4 June 2015
Based on the standard multiband Hamiltonian, we have deduced an explicit analytical expression for the Rashba-coupling parameter which clarifies its anomalous behavior for heavy holes , gated in quasi–two-dimensional (Q2D) systems, by letting the density grow. Our modelling agrees remarkably better with experimental results in comparison with earlier theoretical models, while it recovers the expected cubic dependence on the quasi-momentum. For quasi–one-dimensional (Q1D) hh systems, we have formally derived an effective Rashba Hamiltonian with two competitive terms on the quasi-momentum, a linear term and a cubic one as predicted from suitable approximations to the Q2D scope. The Rashba-coupling parameters also behave anomalously and qualitatively support recent experiments in core/shell nanowires. Furthermore, they exhibit an essential asymptotic discontinuity in the low-density regime as a function of the lateral confinement length. For hh, we present closed schemes to accurately quote the Rashba-coupling parameters both for the Q2D and Q1D systems, which become unprecedented for holes.
PACS: 71.70.Ej – Spin-orbit coupling, Zeeman and Stark splitting, Jahn-Teller effect / 73.21.Hb – Quantum wires / 73.21.Fg – Quantum wells
© EPLA, 2015