A multiscale molecular dynamics allowing macroscale mechanical loads
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California - Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Received: 13 April 2015
Accepted: 16 June 2015
We proposed a novel multiscale molecular-dynamics model in order to apply macroscale boundary conditions to microscale molecular systems, which is difficult for classical molecular dynamics. Unlike in statistical mechanics, in which macroscale quantities such as temperature and pressure are collected from molecular information, the proposed approach is a reversed procedure to find optimal molecular states when macroscale conditions such as traction are enforced. The model is originated from Parrinello-Rahman molecular dynamics but extends it to solve finite-size, inhomogeneous molecular-dynamics problems by generalizing the representative volume element to a “material point” in continuum mechanics. An example of compressing a nickel nanowire is presented to demonstrate the capacity of the method to simulate localized phase transition in a finite-size molecular system, which validates the effectiveness of the method.
PACS: 02.70.Ns – Molecular dynamics and particle methods / 07.05.Tp – Computer modeling and simulation / 46.05.+b – General theory of continuum mechanics of solids
© EPLA, 2015