Measuring the spin polarization of a ferromagnet: An application of time-reversal invariant topological superconductor
Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China Hefei, Anhui Province, 230026, China
Received: 5 May 2015
Accepted: 3 August 2015
The spin polarization (SP) of the ferromagnet (FM) is a quantity of fundamental importance in spintronics. In this work, we propose a quasi–one-dimensional junction structure composed of a FM and a time-reversal invariant topological superconductor (TRITS) of un-spin-polarized pairing type to determine the SP of the FM. We find that due to the topological property of the TRITS, the zero-bias conductance (ZBC) of the FM/TRITS junction which is directly related to the SP is a non-quantized quantity but of topological nature. The ZBC only depends on the parameters of the FM, it is independent of the interface scattering potential and the Fermi surface mismatch between the FM and the superconductor, and is robust against the magnetic proximity effect; therefore, compared to the traditional FM/s-wave superconductor junction, the topological property of the ZBC makes this setup a much more direct and simplified way to determine the SP.
PACS: 73.21.Hb – Quantum wires / 73.40.Gk – Tunneling / 85.75.-d – Magnetoelectronics; spintronics: devices exploiting spin polarized transport or integrated magnetic fields
© EPLA, 2015