d-wave bond-order charge excitations in electron-doped cuprates
1 National Institute for Materials Science - Tsukuba 305-0047, Japan
2 Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Ingeniería y Agrimensura and Instituto de Física Rosario (UNR-CONICET) Avenida Pellegrini 250, 2000 Rosario, Argentina
Received: 19 June 2015
Accepted: 28 August 2015
We study charge excitation spectra in the two-dimensional model on a square lattice to explore a charge-order tendency recently found in electron-doped cuprates around the carrier density 0.15. The static susceptibility of d-wave charge density, which corresponds to the nematic susceptibility at the momentum transfer , shows two characteristic peaks at momenta of the form and . These two peaks originate from the so-called 2kF scattering processes enhanced by the d-wave character of the bond-charge density. The peak at is much broader, but develops to be very sharp in the vicinity of its instability, whereas the peak at becomes sharper with decreasing temperature, but does not diverge. The equal-time correlation function, which is measured by resonant x-ray scattering, exhibits a momentum dependence similar to the static susceptibility. We also present energy-resolved charge excitation spectra. The spectra show a V-shaped structure around and bend back toward close-to-zero energy due to the charge-order tendency at and . The resulting spectra form gap-like features with a maximal gap at and . We discuss implications for the recent experiments in electron-doped cuprates.
PACS: 74.72.Ek – Electron-doped / 75.25.Dk – Orbital, charge, and other orders, including coupling of these orders / 78.70.Ck – X-ray scattering
© EPLA, 2015