Causal non-locality can arise from constrained replication
Johann Bernouilli Institute for Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Groningen Groningen, The Netherlands
Received: 1 June 2015
Accepted: 17 October 2015
The fundamental theories of physics are local theories, depending on local interactions of local variables. It is not clear if and how strictly local theories can produce non-local variables that have causal effectiveness. Yet, non-local effectiveness appears to exist, such as in the form of memory (non-locality through time) and causally effective spatial structures (non-locality through space). Here it is shown, by construction, how such non-locality can be produced from elementary components: non-isolated systems, multiplicative noise, self-replication, and elimination. A theory is derived that explains how causal non-locality can arise from strictly local interactions.
PACS: 01.55.+b – General physics / 05.40.-a – Fluctuation phenomena, random processes, noise, and Brownian motion / 05.65.+b – Self-organized systems
© EPLA, 2015