A measure of physical reality
Department of Physics, Federal University of Paraná - P.O. Box 19044, 81531-980, Curitiba, PR, Brazil
Received: 12 June 2015
Accepted: 10 November 2015
From the premise that an observable is real after it is measured, we envisage a tomography-based protocol that allows us to propose a quantifier for the degree of indefiniteness of an observable given a quantum state. Then, we find that the reality of an observable can be inferred locally only if this observable is not quantumly correlated with an informer. In other words, quantum discord precludes Einstein's notion of separable realities. Also, by monitoring changes in the reality of a local observable upon measurements on a remote system, we are led to define a measure of nonlocality. Proved upper bounded by discordlike correlations and requiring indefiniteness as a basic ingredient, our measure signals nonlocality even for separable states, thus revealing nonlocal aspects that are not captured by Bell inequality violations.
PACS: 03.65.Ta – Foundations of quantum mechanics; measurement theory / 03.65.Ud – Entanglement and quantum nonlocality (e.g. EPR paradox, Bell's inequalities, GHZ states, etc.) / 03.67.Mn – Entanglement measures, witnesses, and other characterizations
© EPLA, 2015