Correspondence between many-particle excitations and the entanglement spectrum of disordered ballistic one-dimensional systems
Department of Physics, Jack and Pearl Resnick Institute, Bar-Ilan University - Ramat-Gan 52900, Israel
Received: 28 July 2015
Accepted: 18 November 2015
Using exact diagonalization for non-interacting systems and density matrix renormalization group for interacting systems we show that Li and Haldane's conjecture on the correspondence between the low-lying many-particle excitation spectrum and the entanglement spectrum holds for disordered ballistic one-dimensional many-particle systems. In order to demonstrate the correspondence we develop a computationally efficient way to calculate the entanglement spectrum of low-lying excitation of non-interacting systems. We observe and explain the presence of an unexpected shell structure in the excitation spectrum. The low-lying shells are robust and survive even for strong electron-electron interactions.
PACS: 61.43.-j – Disordered solids / 73.21.Hb – Quantum wires / 03.65.Ud – Entanglement and quantum nonlocality (e.g. EPR paradox, Bell's inequalities, GHZ states, etc.)
© EPLA, 2015