Avalanches in tip-driven interfaces in random media
1 CONICET - Centro Atómico Bariloche and Instituto Balseiro (UNCu) - (8400) Bariloche, Argentina
2 CNRS - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique de l'Ecole Normale Supérieure PSL Research University 24 rue Lhomond, 75005 Paris, France
Received: 21 October 2015
Accepted: 4 January 2016
We analyse by numerical simulations and scaling arguments the avalanche statistics of 1-dimensional elastic interfaces in random media driven at a single point. Both global and local avalanche sizes are power-law distributed, with universal exponents given by the depinning roughness exponent ζ and the interface dimension d, and distinct from their values in the uniformly driven case. A crossover appears between uniformly driven behaviour for small avalanches, and point-driven behaviour for large avalanches. The scale of the crossover is controlled by the ratio between the stiffness of the pulling spring and the elasticity of the interface; it is visible both in the global and local avalanche-size distributions, as in the average spatial avalanche shape. Our results are relevant to model experiments involving locally driven elastic manifolds at low temperatures, such as magnetic domain walls or vortex lines in superconductors.
PACS: 05.70.Ln – Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics / 68.35.Rh – Phase transitions and critical phenomena
© EPLA, 2016