Minimalistic analytical approach to non-Markovian open quantum systems
Quantum Research Group, School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal Durban, 4001, South Africa and National Institute for Theoretical Physics (NITheP) - KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Received: 9 December 2015
Accepted: 28 January 2016
The dynamics of finite dimension open quantum systems is studied with the help of the simplest possible form of projection operators, namely the ones which project only onto one-dimensional subspaces. The simplicity of the action of the projection operators always leads to an analytical solution of the dynamical master equation, even in the non-Markovian case, in any perturbative order. The analytical solution correctly reproduces the short-time dynamics, and can be used to recursively recover the dynamics for an arbitrary time interval with arbitrary precision. The necessary number of relevant degrees of freedom to completely characterise an open quantum system is , where n is the dimension of the Hilbert space of the open system. The method is illustrated by two examples, the relaxation of a qubit in a thermal bath and the dynamics of two interacting qubits in a common environment.
PACS: 03.65.Yz – Decoherence; open systems; quantum statistical methods
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