Chiral sine-Gordon model
Electronics and Photonics Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) - Central 2, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568, Japan
Received: 3 December 2015
Accepted: 22 February 2016
We investigate the chiral sine-Gordon model using the renormalization group method. The chiral sine-Gordon model is a model for G-valued fields and describes a new class of phase transitions, where G is a compact Lie group. We show that the model is renormalizable by means of a perturbation expansion and we derive beta functions of the renormalization group theory. The coefficients of beta functions are represented by the Casimir invariants. The model contains both asymptotically free and ultraviolet strong-coupling regions. The beta functions have a zero which is a bifurcation point that divides the parameter space into two regions; they are the weak-coupling region and the strong-coupling region. A large-N model is also considered. This model is reduced to the conventional sine-Gordon model that describes the Kosterlitz-Thouless transition near the fixed point. In the strong-coupling limit, the model is reduced to a U(N) matrix model.
PACS: 11.10.Kk – Field theories in dimensions other than four / 11.10.Gh – Renormalization / 11.10.Jj – Asymptotic problems and properties
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