Rényi, Shannon and Tsallis entropies of Rydberg hydrogenic systems
Departamento de Física Atómica, Molecular y Nuclear - Universidad de Granada, Granada 18071, Spain and Instituto Carlos I de Física Teórica y Computacional - Universidad de Granada, Granada 18071, Spain
Received: 25 November 2015
Accepted: 24 February 2016
The Rényi entropies of the probability density of a physical system completely characterize the chemical and physical properties of the quantum state described by the three integer quantum numbers . The analytical determination of these quantities is practically impossible up until now, even for the very few systems where their Schrödinger equation is exactly solved. In this work, the Rényi entropies of Rydberg (highly excited) hydrogenic states are explicitly calculated in terms of the quantum numbers and the parameter p. To do that we use a methodology which first connects these quantities to the -norms of the Laguerre polynomials which characterize the state's wave function. Then, the Rényi, Shannon and Tsallis entropies of the Rydberg states are determined by calculating the asymptotics of these Laguerre norms. Finally, these quantities are numerically examined in terms of the quantum numbers and the nuclear charge.
PACS: 89.70.Cf – Entropy and other measures of information / 89.70.-a – Information and communication theory / 32.80.Ee – Rydberg states
© EPLA, 2016