Inelastic light and electron scattering in parabolic quantum dots in magnetic field: Implications of generalized Kohn's theorem
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University - P.O. Box 1892, Houston, TX 77251, USA
Received: 14 January 2016
Accepted: 16 March 2016
We investigate a one-component, quasi–zero-dimensional, quantum plasma exposed to a parabolic potential and an applied magnetic field in the symmetric gauge. If the size of such a system as can be realized in the semiconducting quantum dots is on the order of the de Broglie wavelength, the electronic and optical properties become highly tunable. Then the quantum size effects challenge the observation of many-particle phenomena such as the magneto-optical absorption, Raman intensity, and electron energy loss spectrum. An exact analytical solution of the problem leads us to infer that these many-particle phenomena are, in fact, dictated by the generalized Kohn's theorem in the long-wavelength limit. Maneuvering the confinement and/or the magnetic field furnishes the resonance energy capable of being explored with the FIR, Raman, or electron energy loss spectroscopy. This implies that either of these probes should be competent in observing the localized magnetoplasmons in the system. A deeper insight into the physics of quantum dots is paving the way for their implementation in diverse fields such as quantum computing and medical imaging.
PACS: 73.21.La – Quantum dots / 78.67.Hc – Quantum dots / 81.07.Ta – Quantum dots
© EPLA, 2016