Theoretical simulation of the picosecond runaway-electron beam in coaxial diode filled with SF6 at atmospheric pressure
Institute of High Current Electronics - Akademichesky ave. 2/3, 634055 Tomsk, Russia and Tomsk State University - Lenin ave. 36, 634050 Tomsk, Russia
Received: 15 April 2016
Accepted: 2 June 2016
This paper presents detailed results of gas discharge theoretical simulation and the explanation of probabilistic mechanism of fast-electrons generation. Within the framework of a hybrid mathematical model, the hydrodynamic and the kinetic approaches are used simultaneously in order to describe the dynamics of different components of a low-temperature discharge plasma. The breakdown of a coaxial diode occurs in the form of a dense plasma region expanding from the cathode. On this background there is a formation of runaway electrons that are initiated by the ensemble of plasma electrons generated in the region of locally enhanced electric field within the front of the dense plasma. It is shown that the power spectrum of fast electrons in the discharge contains the group of electrons with the so-called “anomalous” energies. Comparison of the calculation results with the existent experimental data gives a good agreement for all major process parameters.
PACS: 52.80.-s – Electric discharges / 52.65.Ww – Hybrid methods
© EPLA, 2016