Tight-binding chains with off-diagonal disorder: Bands of extended electronic states induced by minimal quasi–one-dimensionality
Department of Physics, University of Kalyani - Kalyani, West Bengal - 741235, India
Received: 16 June 2016
Accepted: 11 August 2016
It is shown that an entire class of off-diagonally disordered linear lattices composed of two basic building blocks and described within a tight-binding model can be tailored to generate absolutely continuous energy bands. It can be achieved if linear atomic clusters of an appropriate size are side-coupled to a suitable subset of sites in the backbone, and if the nearest-neighbor hopping integrals, in the backbone and in the side-coupled cluster, bear a certain ratio. We work out the precise relationship between the number of atoms in one of the building blocks in the backbone and that in the side attachment. In addition, we also evaluate the definite correlation between the numerical values of the hopping integrals at different subsections of the chain, that can convert an otherwise point spectrum (or a singular continuous one for deterministically disordered lattices) with exponentially (or power law) localized eigenfunctions to an absolutely continuous spectrum comprising one or more bands (subbands) populated by extended, totally transparent eigenstates. The results, which are analytically exact, put forward a non-trivial variation of the Anderson localization (Anderson P. W., Phys. Rev., 109 (1958) 1492), pointing towards its unusual sensitivity to the numerical values of the system parameters and, go well beyond the other related models such as the Random Dimer Model (RDM) (Dunlap D. H. et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 65 (1990) 88).
PACS: 71.30.+h – Metal-insulator transitions and other electronic transitions / 72.15.Rn – Localization effects (Anderson or weak localization) / 03.75.-b – Matter waves
© EPLA, 2016