Stall force of a cargo driven by N interacting motor proteins
1 International Centre for Theoretical Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Bangalore 560089, India
2 Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Madras - Chennai 600036, India
Received: 14 September 2016
Accepted: 21 February 2017
We study a generic one-dimensional model for an intracellular cargo driven by N motor proteins against an external applied force. The model includes motor-cargo and motor-motor interactions. The cargo motion is described by an over-damped Langevin equation, while motor dynamics is specified by hopping rates which follow a local detailed balance condition with respect to the change in energy per hopping event. Based on this model, we show that the stall force, the mean external force corresponding to zero mean cargo velocity, is completely independent of the details of the interactions and is, therefore, always equal to the sum of the stall forces of the individual motors. This exact result is arrived on the basis of a simple assumption: the (macroscopic) state of stall of the cargo is analogous to a state of thermodynamic equilibrium, and is characterized by vanishing net probability current between any two microstates, with the latter specified by motor positions relative to the cargo. The corresponding probability distribution of the microstates under stall is also determined. These predictions are in complete agreement with numerical simulations, carried out using specific forms of interaction potentials.
PACS: 87.16.Nn – Motor proteins (myosin, kinesin dynein) / 05.40.Fb – Random walks and Levy flights / 05.40.-a – Fluctuation phenomena, random processes, noise, and Brownian motion
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