Volume 95, Number 6, September 2011
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||08 September 2011|
Entangling two distant oscillators with a quantum reservoir
Institute of Quantum Physics, Ulm University - D-89069 Ulm, Germany, EU
2 Grup d'Òptica, Departament de Física, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona - E-08193 Bellaterra, Spain, EU
3 Física Teòrica: Informació i Processos Quàntics, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona E-08193 Bellaterra, Spain, EU
4 Theoretische Physik, Universität des Saarlandes - D-66041 Saarbrücken, Germany, EU
5 Department of Physics, University of Augsburg - D-86135 Augsburg, Germany, EU
Accepted: 5 August 2011
The generation of entanglement between two oscillators that interact via a common reservoir is theoretically studied. The reservoir is modeled by a one-dimensional harmonic crystal initially in thermal equilibrium. Starting from a separable state, the oscillators can become entangled after a transient time, that is of the order of the thermalization time scale. This behaviour is observed at finite temperature even when the oscillators are at a distance significantly larger than the crystal's interparticle spacing. The underlying physical mechanisms can be explained by the dynamical properties of the collective variables of the two oscillators which may decouple from or be squeezed by the reservoir. Our predictions can be tested with an ion chain in a linear Paul trap.
PACS: 03.67.Bg – Entanglement production and manipulation / 03.65.Yz – Decoherence; open systems; quantum statistical methods / 05.40.Ca – Noise
© EPLA, 2011
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