Volume 97, Number 2, January 2012
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||10 January 2012|
Networks with arbitrary edge multiplicities
ISC-CNR, Dipartimento di Fisica, Università “La Sapienza” - P.le Moro 5, 00185 Roma, Italy, EU
2 Theoretical Physics Division, Rudjer Bošković Institute - P.O. Box 180, HR-10002 Zagreb, Croatia
3 Lorentz Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Leiden - Niels Bohrweg 2, NL-2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands, EU
4 IMT Alti Studi Lucca - piazza S. Ponziano 6, 55100 Lucca, Italy, EU
5 London Institute for Mathematical Sciences - 22 South Audley Street, Mayfair, London W1K 2NY, UK, EU
Accepted: 3 December 2011
One of the main characteristics of real-world networks is their large clustering. Clustering is one aspect of a more general but much less studied structural organization of networks, i.e. edge multiplicity, defined as the number of triangles in which edges, rather than vertices, participate. Here we show that the multiplicity distribution of real networks is in many cases scale free, and in general very broad. Thus, besides the fact that in real networks the number of edges attached to vertices often has a scale-free distribution, we find that the number of triangles attached to edges can have a scale-free distribution as well. We show that current models, even when they generate clustered networks, systematically fail to reproduce the observed multiplicity distributions. We therefore propose a generalized model that can reproduce networks with arbitrary distributions of vertex degrees and edge multiplicities, and study many of its properties analytically.
PACS: 89.75.-k – Complex systems / 89.20.-a – Interdisciplinary applications of physics / 05.20.-y – Classical statistical mechanics
© EPLA, 2012
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