Ground-state magnetic properties of the Kondo lattice model at low electron densities
Department of Theoretical Physics,
Royal Institute of Technology,
S-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
Accepted: 25 May 1997
The infinite-size version of the density-matrix renormalization-group approach in real space is applied to the Kondo lattice model in one dimension, providing a more accurate determination of the zero-temperature magnetic properties for electron densities . The paramagnetic state of the free model evolves into a state with ferromagnetic correlations, by increasing the strength of the Kondo coupling, in agreement with previous numerical results. The change in the magnetic properties is produced by the competition between the RKKY mechanism, which favours the paramagnetic state in the weak-coupling region, and the Kondo screening, which leads to the formation of tightly bound singlets in the strong-coupling region, enforcing ferromagnetic correlations in the system.
PACS: 71.28.+d – Narrow-band systems; intermediate-valence solids / 75.10.Lp – Band and itinerant models / 75.30.Mb – Valence fluctuation, Kondo lattice, and heavy-fermion phenomena
© EDP Sciences, 1997