Atomic quantum non-demolition measurements and squeezing
Department of Physics and Astronomy,
University of Rochester Rochester, NY 14627, USA
Accepted: 15 April 1998
We show that the accuracy of atomic interferometry can be improved by using QND measurements of the atomic populations at the inputs to the interferometer. The accuracy of such a scheme surpasses the standard quantum limit of phase measurement and could reach the Heisenberg limit . We propose to perform QND measurements of atomic populations with an off-resonant laser field. The conditions necessary for this kind of QND measurement could be fulfilled in a variety of ways with current experimental techniques, including magneto-optical traps and atomic cells.
PACS: 03.75.-b – Matter waves / 42.50.-p – Quantum optics / 32.80.-t – Photon interactions with atoms
© EDP Sciences, 1998