Intense self-generated magnetic field in the interaction of a femtosecond laser pulse with an underdense plasma
Laboratoire de Physique des Milieux Ionisés, UMR 287, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique
91128 Palaiseau Cedex, France
Accepted: 7 March 2000
The interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with an underdense gas at moderate laser intensity of 3– is studied. We report especially on time-resolved measurements of intense self-generated magnetic fields above 30 T at the given irradiance using a pump probe device with a Faraday rotation diagnosis on the probe pulse. The induced magnetic field is found far above the one predicted by the inverse Faraday effect. The theoretical mechanism responsible for this strong field production is identified as a self-ponderomotive effect induced by the pump pulse.
PACS: 52.60.+h – Relativistic plasma / 52.35.Mw – Nonlinear waves and nonlinear wave propagation (including paramagnetic effects, mode coupling, ponderomotive effects, etc.) / 52.40.Nk – Laser plasma interactions (e.g., anomalous absorption, backscattering, magnetic field generation, fast particle generation)
© EDP Sciences, 2000