Ultrasensitive two-photon spectroscopy based on long spin-relaxation time in a dark optical trap
Department of Physics of Complex Systems
Weizmann Institute of Science - Rehovot 76100, Israel
Accepted: 9 March 2000
We propose a new spectroscopic method for measuring weak transitions in cold and trapped atoms, which exploits the long spin relaxation times and tight spatial confinement offered by dark optical traps to achieve extremely high sensitivity. We demonstrate our scheme by measuring a two-photon transition in cold Rb atoms trapped in a new single-beam dark optical trap, using an extremely weak probe laser power of 25 . We were able to measure transitions with as small excitation rate as , using 107 fold quantum amplification of the transition rate due to spin shelving and normalized detection with a strong cycling transition.
PACS: 39.30.+w – Spectroscopic techniques / 32.80.Pj – Optical cooling of atoms; trapping / 32.80.Wr – Other multiphoton processes
© EDP Sciences, 2000