Bond-breaking mechanism of sputtering
Accelerator Laboratory, University of Helsinki - P.O. Box 43,
2 The NET Team, Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik D-85748 Garching bei München, Germany
Accepted: 9 October 2000
Energetic ions are known to be able to erode atoms from a solid even when a collisional mechanism cannot transfer enough kinetic energy from the impinging ions to substrate atoms to overcome the surface binding energy. Since ordinary physical sputtering models thus do not apply, the atomistic mechanisms underlying this “chemical sputtering” effect are not well understood. We now describe how low-energy ions can cause erosion of atoms and molecules by colliding with and breaking chemical bonds between the atoms. In the particular case of hydrogen bombardment of amorphous carbon networks, we further show that this can lead to erosion yields far exceeding those expected for a collisional process alone.
PACS: 34.10.+x – General theories and models of atomic and molecular collisions and inter actions (including statistical theories, transition state, stochastic and trajectory models, etc.) / 61.80.Az – Theory and models of radiation effects / 82.20.Wt – Computational modeling; simulation
© EDP Sciences, 2000