Bounding and approximating parabolas for the spectrum of Heisenberg spin systems
Universität Osnabrück, Fachbereich Physik -
D-49069 Osnabrück, Germany
2 Ames Laboratory & Department of Physics and Astronomy Iowa State University - Ames, IA 50011, USA
Accepted: 26 April 2001
We prove that for a wide class of quantum spin systems with isotropic Heisenberg coupling the energy eigenvalues which belong to a total spin quantum number S have upper and lower bounds depending at most quadratically on S. The only assumption adopted is that the mean coupling strength of any spin with respect to its neighbours is constant for all N spins. The coefficients of the bounding parabolas are given in terms of special eigenvalues of the coupling matrix which are usually easily evaluated. In addition, we show that the bounding parabolas, if properly shifted, provide very good approximations of the true boundaries of the spectrum. We present numerical examples of frustrated rings, a cube, and an icosahedron.
PACS: 75.10.Jm – Quantized spin models / 75.10.Hk – Classical spin models / 75.50.Xx – Molecular magnets
© EDP Sciences, 2001