Elastic properties of - up to from Brillouin scattering measurements
Physique des Milieux Condensés, CNRS - UMR 7602
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, B77 - 4, Place Jussieu 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France
2 Laboratoire de Physique des Géomatériaux, CNRS-ESA 7046 Institut de Physique du Globe - 4, Place Jussieu 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France
Accepted: 5 November 2001
The velocities of the transverse and longitudinal acoustic modes of silica glass and liquid have been measured by Brillouin spectroscopy from 300 to 2300. Elastic properties of liquid could thus be studied over an interval of 800 above the standard glass transition temperature. The velocity of the transverse mode, and thus the shear modulus, first increases with temperature and then decreases after reaching a maximum near the glass transition temperature. The velocity of the longitudinal mode and the bulk modulus, in contrast, continuously increase up to the maximum temperatures investigated. This unusual increase of the bulk modulus with temperature becomes less strong above 900. The vibrational (high frequency) contribution to the compressibility of the liquid, which is about three times smaller than the configurational (static) part, is thus insensitive to the configurational state of the liquid.
PACS: 62.20.Dc – Elasticity, elastic constants / 64.70.Pf – Glass transitions / 78.35.+c – Brillouin and Rayleigh scattering; other light scattering
© EDP Sciences, 2002