Density-dependent pair interactions in 2D colloidal suspensions
für Physik, Universität Konstanz - 78457 Konstanz,
2 Institute of Physics, University of Fribourg - CH-1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
Accepted: 26 March 2002
We experimentally determine effective interparticle potentials in a two-dimensional (2D) colloidal system of charge-stabilized polystyrene particles at different particle densities ρ. Density variation is achieved by means of a scanned optical laser tweezer which serves to create a boundary box for the system. By changing the size of this boundary box, ρ can be systematically varied without having to prepare a new system. From the measured radial distribution functions we can then obtain the effective pair potentials of the particles. While for low particle densities perfect agreement with Yukawa-like potentials is observed, considerable deviations from this form are found at higher densities. We interpret this result as a many-body effect produced by macroion screening which is expected to become more pronounced as the density is increased.
PACS: 82.70.Dd – Colloids / 05.40.-a – Fluctuation phenomena, random processes, noise, and Brownian motion / 61.20.-p – Structure of liquids
© EDP Sciences, 2002