Cooperative motion and growing length scales in supercooled confined liquids
Institut für Physik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität -
55099 Mainz, Germany
2 Laboratoire des Verres, Université Montpellier II - 34000 Montpellier, France
Accepted: 5 May 2002
Using molecular-dynamics simulations we investigate the relaxation dynamics of a supercooled liquid close to a rough as well as to a smooth wall. For the former situation the relaxation times increase strongly with decreasing distance from the wall, whereas in the second case they strongly decrease. We use this dependence to extract various dynamical length scales and show that they grow with decreasing temperature. Finally, we calculate the frequency-dependent average susceptibility of such confined systems and show that they compare very well with experimental data.
PACS: 61.20.Lc – Time-dependent properties; relaxation / 61.20.Ja – Computer simulation of liquid structure / 64.70.Pf – Glass transitions
© EDP Sciences, 2002