Universal reduction of pressure between charged surfaces by long-wavelength surface charge modulation
Department of Materials and Interfaces, Weizmann
Institute - Rehovot 76100, Israel
Accepted: 2 September 2002
We predict theoretically that long-wavelength surface charge modulations universally reduce the pressure between the charged surfaces with counterions compared with the case of uniformly charged surfaces with the same average surface charge density. The physical origin of this effect is the fact that surface charge modulations always lead to enhanced counterion localization near the surfaces, and hence, fewer charges at the midplane. We confirm the last prediction with Monte Carlo simulations.
PACS: 82.70.-y – Disperse systems; complex fluids / 61.20.Qg – Structure of associated liquids: electrolytes, molten salts, etc
© EDP Sciences, 2002