Nucleation of superconductivity in a mesoscopic rectangle
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Laboratorium voor Vaste-Stoffysica en Magnetisme
Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
2 Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Afdeling Kwantumchemie Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
Accepted: 20 May 2003
We have studied the nucleation of superconductivity in a mesoscopic rectangle. We used an analytical gauge transformation for the vector potential which gives for the normal component along the boundary of the rectangle. Consequently, the linearized Ginzburg-Landau equation is reduced to an eigenvalue problem in the basis set of functions obeying the Neumann boundary condition. Through the application of this technique we are able to accurately determine the field-temperature superconducting phase boundary together with the corresponding vortex patterns. A range of aspect ratios for the rectangle has been investigated and compared with a superconducting square (aspect ratio = 1) and with a superconducting line (aspect ratio = ∞). This also allows us to determine the stability of the vortex patterns with an anti-vortex in the centre, which have been predicted for a superconducting square, with respect to the deformation of the square.
PACS: 74.60.Ec – Mixed state, critical fields, and surface sheath / 74.25.Dw – Superconductivity phase diagrams / 74.20.De – Phenomenological theories (two-fluid, Ginzburg-Landau, etc.)
© EDP Sciences, 2003