Lagrangian acceleration statistics in turbulent flows
School of Mathematical Sciences, Queen Mary, University of London
Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK
Accepted: 4 August 2003
We show that the probability densities of accelerations of Lagrangian test particles in turbulent flows as measured by Bodenschatz et al. (Nature, 409 (2001) 1017) are in excellent agreement with the predictions of a stochastic model introduced in Beck, Phys. Rev. Lett., 87 (2001) 180601 if the fluctuating friction parameter is assumed to be log-normally distributed. In a generalized statistical mechanics setting, this corresponds to a superstatistics of log-normal type. We analytically evaluate all hyperflatness factors for this model and obtain predictions in good agreement with the experimental data and the DNS data of Gotoh et al. We relate the model to a generalized Sawford model with fluctuating parameters, and discuss a possible universality of the small-scale statistics.
PACS: 05.40.-a – Fluctuation phenomena, random processes, noise, and Brownian motion / 47.27.Eq – Turbulence simulation and modeling
© EDP Sciences, 2003