Europhys. Lett.
Volume 65, Number 3, February 2004
Page(s) 372 - 378
Section Condensed matter: structure, mechanical and thermal properties
Published online 01 January 2004
Europhys. Lett., 65 (3) , pp. 372-378 (2004)
DOI: 10.1209/epl/i2003-10090-6

Temperature dependence of the 2D-3D transition in the growth of PTCDA on $\chem{Ag(111)}$: A real-time X-ray and kinetic Monte Carlo study

B. Krause1, F. Schreiber1, 2, H. Dosch1, 2, A. Pimpinelli3 and O. H. Seeck4

1  Max-Planck-Institut für Metallforschung - Heisenbergstr. 3 D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany
2  Institut für Theoretische und Angewandte Physik, Universität Stuttgart Pfaffenwaldring 57, D-70550 Stuttgart, Germany
3  LASMEA, Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont 2, Les Cézeaux 63177 Aubière Cedex, France
4  IFF, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH - D-52425 Jülich, Germany

(Received 7 July 2003; accepted in final form 21 November 2003)

We present a real-time X-ray scattering study of the growth modes in organic molecular-beam epitaxy. We have studied the model system 3,4,9,10-perylene-tetracarboxylic dianhydride (PTCDA) on $\chem{Ag(111)}$ and find a temperature-dependent transition from layer-by-layer growth to islanding. The transition smears out for low substrate temperatures, T, implying that the degree of the layer-by-layer growth of the wetting layer decreases with decreasing T. This behavior has been analyzed quantitatively and reproduced by kinetic Monte Carlo simulations. The implications and consequences of our findings for the understanding of the organic molecular-beam epitaxy are discussed.

68.55.Ac - Nucleation and growth: microscopic aspects.
81.10.Aj - Theory and models of crystal growth; physics of crystal growth, crystal morphology and orientation.
61.66.Hq - Organic compounds.

© EDP Sciences 2004