Europhys. Lett.
Volume 66, Number 3, May 2004
Page(s) 412 - 418
Section Condensed matter: electronic structure, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties
Published online 01 April 2004
Europhys. Lett., 66 (3) , pp. 412-418 (2004)
DOI: 10.1209/epl/i2004-10012-2

Velocity-fluctuations-dominated flux-flow noise in the peak effect

Y. Paltiel1, G. Jung1, 2, Y. Myasoedov1, M. L. Rappaport1, E. Zeldov1, M. Ocio3, M. J. Higgins4 and S. Bhattacharya4, 5

1  Weizmann Institute of Science, Department of Condensed Matter Physics Rehovot 76100, Israel
2  Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Department of Physics Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel
3  Service de Physique de l'Etat Condensé, CE Saclay Orme Des Merisiers, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, Cedex, France
4  NEC Research Institute - 4 Independence Way, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
5  Tata Institute of Fundamental Research - Mumbai 400005, India

(Received 5 January 2004; accepted in final form 5 February 2004)

Strong excess flux-flow voltage noise commonly observed in the vicinity of the peak effect in superconductors has recently been ascribed to a novel unconventional noise mechanism. The mechanism consists in random injection of the strongly pinned metastable disordered vortex phase through the sample edges and its subsequent random annealing into the weakly pinned ordered phase in the bulk. This results in large critical-current fluctuations causing strong vortex velocity fluctuations. In this paper we present the evidence that flux-flow noise in the peak effect regime is dominated by vortex velocity fluctuations while density fluctuations, considered in the conventional flux-flow noise models, are negligibly weak.

74.40.+k - Fluctuations (noise, chaos, nonequilibrium superconductivity, localization, etc.).
74.25.Op - Mixed states, critical fields, and surface sheaths.
74.25.Qt - Vortex lattices, flux pinning, flux creep.

© EDP Sciences 2004