Europhys. Lett.
Volume 67, Number 4, August 2004
Page(s) 531 - 537
Section General
Published online 01 August 2004
Europhys. Lett., 67 (4), pp. 531-537 (2004)
DOI: 10.1209/epl/i2004-10088-6

Localised and nonlocalised structures in nonlinear lattices with fermions

A. S. Carstea, D. Grecu and A. Visinescu

Department of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering Magurele, P.O. Box MG6 Bucharest, Romania

(Received 5 February 2004; accepted in final form 4 June 2004)

We discuss the quasiclassical approximation for the equations of motions of a nonlinear chain of phonons and electrons having phonon-mediated hopping. Describing the phonons and electrons as even and odd Grassmannian functions and using the continuum limit, we show that the equations of motion, lead to a Zakharov-like system for bosonic and fermionic fields. Localised and nonlocalised solutions are discussed using the Hirota bilinear formalism. Nonlocalised solutions turn out to appear naturally for any choice of wave parameters. The bosonic localised solution has a fermionic dressing while the fermionic one is an oscillatory localised field. They appear only if some constraints on the dispersion are imposed. In this case the density of fermions is a strongly localised travelling wave. Also it is shown that in the multiple-scales approach the emergent equation is linear. Only for the resonant case we get a nonlinear fermionic Yajima-Oikawa system. Physical implications are discussed.

04.20.Jb - Classical general relativity: Exact solutions.
63.20.Pw - Phonons in crystal lattices: Localized modes.
05.45.Yv - Solitons.

© EDP Sciences 2004