Europhys. Lett.
Volume 68, Number 2, October 2004
Page(s) 184 - 190
Section General
Published online 01 October 2004
Europhys. Lett., 68 (2), pp. 184-190 (2004)
DOI: 10.1209/epl/i2004-10188-3

Long-term correlations and multifractality in surface wind speed

R. B. Govindan and H. Kantz

Max-Planck Institut für Physik komplexer Systeme Nöthnitzer Straße 38, D-01187 Dresden, Germany

received 16 February 2004; accepted in final form 17 August 2004

Using detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA), we study long-term correlations in wind speed data. We find that not only the wind speed data themselves but also their volatilities possess long-range correlations, expressed by the fluctuation exponent $\alpha$ being larger than one half. We also perform a multifractal analysis. Whereas most data sets show a broad multifractal spectrum, recordings of two days, obtained at the same measurement site, are essentially monofractal. By surrogate analysis, we confirm the monofractal nature of these data. Our analysis shows that correlated volatility does not necessarily imply multifractality (as often assumed) and that a given system may exhibit both mono- and multifractal signals, depending on system parameters.

05.45.Tp - Time series analysis.
92.60.Gn - Winds and their effects.
74.40.+k - Fluctuations (noise, chaos, nonequilibrium superconductivity, localization, etc.).

© EDP Sciences 2004