Europhys. Lett.
Volume 70, Number 4, May 2005
Page(s) 506 - 512
Section Condensed matter: electronic structure, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties
Published online 15 April 2005
Europhys. Lett., 70 (4), pp. 506-512 (2005)
DOI: 10.1209/epl/i2005-10019-1

Shock waves and avalanches in type-II superconductor

B. Rosenstein1, B. Ya. Shapiro2 and I. Shapiro2

1  National Chiao Tung University, Department of Electrophysics Hsinchu, Taiwan, ROC
2  Department of Physics, Bar Ilan University - Ramat Gan 52100, Israel

received 15 February 2005; accepted in final form 30 March 2005
published online 15 April 2005

The rapid penetration of magnetic flux into a Meissner phase of the type-II superconductor is studied analytically and numerically. A sharp shock wave front of the magnetic induction is formed due to the singularity of the resistivity at the transition from the mixed to the normal state. It is shown that current densities at the front reach high values, of the order of the depairing current density. The effects of the heat dissipation and transport on the motion and stability of the interface between the magnetic flux and flux-free domains are considered. The shock wave magnetic induction and the temperature profiles move with constant velocity determined by the Joule heat produced by the electric current in the normal domain at the flux front. The stability of the shock wave solution is investigated. For a sufficiently small thermal-diffusion constant, a finger-shaped avalanche instability appears.

74.20.De - Phenomenological theories (two-fluid, Ginzburg-Landau, etc.).
74.25.Ha - Magnetic properties.
75.25.Qt - Vortex lattices, flux pinning, flux creep.

© EDP Sciences 2005