Europhys. Lett.
Volume 71, Number 1, July 2005
Page(s) 131 - 137
Section Interdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology
Published online 27 May 2005
Europhys. Lett., 71 (1), pp. 131-137 (2005)
DOI: 10.1209/epl/i2005-10081-7

Phase field theory of polycrystalline solidification in three dimensions

T. Pusztai, G. Bortel and L. Gránásy

Research Institute for Solid State Physics and Optics H-1525 Budapest, POB 49, Hungary

received 14 February 2005; accepted in final form 3 May 2005
published online 27 May 2005

A phase field theory of polycrystalline solidification is presented that describes the nucleation and growth of anisotropic particles with different crystallographic orientation in three dimensions. As opposed to the two-dimensional case, where a single orientation field suffices, in three dimensions, a minimum number of three fields are needed. The free energy of grain boundaries is assumed to be proportional to the angular difference between the adjacent crystals expressed here in terms of the differences of the four symmetric Euler parameters. The equations of motion for these fields are obtained from variational principles. Illustrative calculations are performed for polycrystalline solidification with dendritic, needle and spherulitic growth morphologies.

81.10.Aj - Theory and models of crystal growth, crystal morphology, and orientation.
81.30.Fb - Solidification.
89.75.Kd - Complex systems: Patterns.

© EDP Sciences 2005