Polymer-confinement-induced nematic transition of microemulsion dropletsK. Nakaya1, M. Imai1, S. Komura2, T. Kawakatsu3 and N. Urakami4
1 Department of Physics, Ochanomizu University 2-1-1, Otsuka, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 112-8610, Japan
2 Department of Chemistry, Tokyo Metropolitan University 1-1 Minami-Osawa, Hachioji-shi, Tokyo, 192-0397, Japan
3 Department of Physics, Tohoku University Aoba, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8578, Japan
4 Department of Physics, Yamaguchi University 1667-1 Yoshida, Yamaguchi-shi, Yamaguchi, 753-8512, Japan
received 19 April 2005; accepted in final form 1 June 2005
published online 13 July 2005
We study a shape change of spherical microemulsion droplets when water-soluble polymers are confined inside of them. Upon confinement, spherical droplets deform to prolate ellipsoid droplets while keeping the total surface area and the total enclosed volume of all the droplets constant. We found that an increase of the degree of polymer confinement causes an increase in the uniaxial anisotropy of the prolate droplet, which leads to an isotropic-nematic transition in the concentrated droplet region. As a possible origin of this structural transition, we consider a loss of the conformational entropy of polymer chains due to the confinement.
82.70.Uv - Surfactants, micellar solutions, vesicles, lamellae, amphiphilic systems (hydrophilic and hydrophobic interactions).
36.20.Ey - Conformation (statistics and dynamics).
64.70.Nd - Structural transitions in nanoscale materials.
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