Fermionic Mach-Zehnder interferometer subject to a quantum bathF. Marquardt
Departments of Physics and Applied Physics, Yale University PO Box 208284, New Haven, CT 06511, USA and Physics Department, Arnold Sommerfeld Center for Theoretical Physics, and Center for NanoScience, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München 80333 München, Germany
received 11 August 2005; accepted in final form 4 October 2005
published online 3 November 2005
We study fermions in a Mach-Zehnder interferometer, subject to a quantum-mechanical environment leading to inelastic scattering, decoherence, renormalization effects, and time-dependent conductance fluctuations. We present a method to derive both the loss of interference contrast as well as the shot noise, using equations of motion and leading-order perturbation theory. The dependence of the shot noise on the Aharonov-Bohm phase acquires an unexpected average phase shift, due to correlations between the fluctuating renormalized phase shift and the output current. We discuss the limiting behaviours at low and high voltages, compare with simpler models of dephasing, and present implications for experiments.
73.23.-b - Electronic transport in mesoscopic systems.
72.70.+m - Noise processes and phenomena.
03.65.Yz - Decoherence; open systems; quantum statistical methods.
© EDP Sciences 2005