Enhanced quantum reflection of matter-wave solitonsC. Lee1, 2 and J. Brand1
1 Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems Nöthnitzer Straße 38, 01187 Dresden, Germany
2 Nonlinear Physics Centre and ARC Centre of Excellence for Quantum-Atom Optics Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering, Australian National University Canberra ACT 0200, Australia
received 21 September 2005; accepted in final form 5 December 2005
published online 23 December 2005
Matter-wave bright solitons are predicted to reflect from a purely attractive potential well although they are macroscopic objects with classical particle-like properties. The non-classical reflection occurs at small velocities and a pronounced switching to almost perfect transmission above a critical velocity is found, caused by nonlinear mean-field interactions. Full numerical results from the nonlinear Schrödinger equation are complimented by a two-mode variational calculation to explain the predicted effect, which can be used for velocity filtering of solitons. The experimental realization with laser-induced potentials or two-component Bose-Einstein condensates is suggested.
03.75.Lm - Tunneling, Josephson effect, Bose-Einstein condensates in periodic potentials, solitons, vortices and topological excitations.
03.75.Mn - Multicomponent condensates; spinor condensates.
03.65.-w - Quantum mechanics.
© EDP Sciences 2006